Readings

A bibliography of the readings are listed by author below the table. Additional supplementary handouts, prepared by the instructor, are also included in the table.


SES # TOPICS HANDOUTS
1 Introduction
2 "''Boston''" designates ''Boston'': quasi-quotation & such

Frege: Foundations of Arithmetic (1884)
(PDF)
3-5 Frege: Foundations of Arithmetic (cont.) (1884) Part 1 (PDF)
Part 2 (PDF)
Part 3 (PDF)
6-7 Frege: "Function and Concept" (1891)

Frege: "On Concept and Object" (1892)
(PDF)
8 Frege: "On Sense and Reference" (1892)
9 Frege: "The Thought: a logical enquiry" (1918)
10-11 Russell: "On Denoting" (1905)

Russell: "The Philosophy of Logical Atomism" (1918)
Part 1 (PDF)
Part 2 (PDF)
12 Russell: The Problems of Philosophy (1912)
13-15 Wittgenstein: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921)

Part 1 (PDF)
Part 2 (PDF)
Part 3 (PDF)

16 Moore: Principia Ethica (1903)
17-19 Moore: "The Refutation of Idealism" (1903)

Moore: "A Defence of Common Sense" (1925)

Moore: "External and Internal Relations" (1919)
(PDF)
20 Wittgenstein: The Blue and Brown Books (1934)
21-22 Ayer: Language, Truth, and Logic (1936)

Tarski: "The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages" (1935)
Part 1 (PDF)
Part 2 (PDF)
Part 3 (PDF)
Part 4 (PDF)
23-25 Wittgenstein: Philosophical Investigations (1953)
26 Austin: Sense and Sensibilia (1962)

Ayer: Foundations of Empirical Knowledge (excerpt) (1940)
(PDF)

 

Gottlob Frege

Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik: eine logisch-mathematische Untersuchung über den Begriff der Zahl, Breslau: W. Koebner. Translated as The Foundations of Arithmetic: A Logico-mathematical Enquiry into the Concept of Number, by J. L. Austin. 2nd revised edition. Oxford: Blackwell, 1974. (Originally published in 1884.)

"Funktion und Begriff", Vortrag, gehalten in der Sitzung vom 9. Januar 1891 der Jenaischen Gesellschaft für Medizin und Naturwissenschaft, Jena: Hermann Pohle. Translated as "Function and Concept" by P. Geach in Translations from the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. Edited and translated by P. Geach and M. Black. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 1980. (Originally published in 1891.)

"Über Begriff und Gegenstand." In Vierteljahresschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie, 16: 192-205. Translated as "Concept and Object" by P. Geach in Translations from the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. Edited and translated by P. Geach and M. Black. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 1980. (Originally published in 1892.)

"Über Sinn und Bedeutung." In Zeitschrift für Philosophie und philosophische Kritik, 100: 25-50. Translated as "On Sense and Reference" by M. Black in Translations from the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. Edited and translated by P. Geach and M. Black. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 1980. (Originally published in 1892.)

"'Der Gedanke' (The Thought). Eine logische Untersuchung." In Beiträge zur Philosophie des deutschen Idealismus 1 (1918): 58-77.

Bertrand Russell

"On Denoting." Mind 14: 479-493. Reprinted in Essays in Analysis by Bertrand Russell. London: Allen and Unwin, 1973, pp. 103-119. (Originally published in 1905.)

"The Philosophy of Logical Atomism."Monist 28: 495-527; 29: 32-63, 190-222, 345-380. Reprinted in Logic and Knowledge by Bertrand Russell. London: Allen and Unwin, 1956, pp. 177-281. (Originally published in 1918, 1919.)

The Problems of Philosophy. London: Williams and Norgate; New York: Henry Holt and Company. (Originally published in 1912.)

Ludwig Wittgenstein

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (TLP), 1922. Translated by C. K. Ogden. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Originally published as "Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung," in Annalen der Naturphilosophische Vol. 14, 3/4, 1921.

G. E. Moore

Principia Ethica. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1903. *Revised edition with "Preface to the Second Edition" and other papers. Edited by T. Baldwin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

"The Refutation of Idealism." Mind 12 (1903):433-53. Reprinted in Philosophical Studies and in *G. E. Moore: Selected Writings. pp. 23-44.

"A Defence of Common Sense." In Contemporary British Philosophy. 2nd series. Edited by J. H. Muirhead. London: Allen and Unwin, 1925, pp. 193-223. Reprinted in Philosophical Papers and in *G. E. Moore: Selected Writings. pp. 106-33.

"External and Internal Relations." Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 20 (1919-20): 40-62. Reprinted in Philosophical Studies and in *G. E. Moore: Selected Writings. pp. 79-105.

Ludwig Wittgenstein

The Blue and Brown Books (BB). Oxford: Blackwell, 1958. (Originally published in 1934.)

A. J. Ayer

Ayer, A. J. Language, Truth, and Logic. New York: Dover Publications, 1946. (Originally published in 1936.)

Alfred Tarski

Tarski, Alfred. "The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages." In Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956. (Originally published in 1935.)

Ludwig Wittgenstein

Philosophical Investigations (PI). Edited by G. E. M. Anscombe, and R. Rhees, and translated by G.E.M. Anscombe. Oxford: Blackwell, 1953.

J. L. Austin

Austin, J. L. Sense and Sensibilia. Edited by Geoffrey J. Warnock. Oxford , 1962.

A. J. Ayer

Ayer, A. J. Foundations of Empirical Knowledge. Macmillan, 1947. (Originally published in 1940.)